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Decoding NEP 2020 .

No kid should be denied access to a decent education due to their socio-cultural background, according to the main motto of NEP, "Equitable and Inclusive Education." One of the biggest achievements in the Indian educational sector has been the release of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which was delayed for thirty years. It is a comprehensive policy that emphasises technology-supported education and universities' multidisciplinary and multimodal methods. The Indian educational system's organisational structure has undergone a thorough transformation because of the new NEP. In order to help pupils thrive in life, it places a strong emphasis on character and skill development.


People have high aspirations for the NEP, believing it would alter the direction of education in our nation. India's educational system is heavily impacted by western culture and does not place a strong emphasis on practical knowledge. So, the system definitely has to be altered. Such transformation is provided by NEP.


School Dekho has summarised the entire NEP in a concise and easy-to-understand manner, as well as answered all of the parents' questions. Read the full article to learn more about it.


The first question that every parent asks, "What does "5+3+3+4 " mean?"


The new structure, which comprises 12 years of school and 3 years of anganwadi or preschool, replaces the old 10+2 structure. It covers the ages of 3–8, 8–11, 11–14, and 14–18, respectively.


What is ECCE (Early childhood care and education)?


Through this policy, children in the age range of 3 to 8 years will have access to free, safe, high-quality, developmentally appropriate care and education by 2025. Right now, there is a severe learning crisis in India because children are enrolled in pre-primary school but fail to attain basic skills.


How will NEP favour students' interests?


The National Education Policy has eliminated the restrictions placed on students in one stream (arts, science, or commerce) while choosing a specific course from a different stream. Additionally, starting in Class 6, the vocational programmes will start in the actual school.


Instead of being forced to choose a specific set of studies under one stream, students will now be able to choose a set of subjects that interest them. The NEP paper claims that this subject-choice freedom will encourage students to think critically and put more emphasis on experiential learning.


Now the question arises Does NEP affect our culture?


So, the answer is that NEP uses both traditional and contemporary Indian literature, cinema, and music to guide the Indian educational system toward one that is culturally enriching and nationally integrated. If nothing else, it wants Indian students to realise that learning the language will not limit their abilities or employment opportunities because of their language skills. Given that India is a cultural mashup, it will only broaden their awareness, sensitivity, and tolerance.


The NEP lists several essential principles, among them support for multilingualism promotion and an emphasis on the importance of language in teaching and learning. In keeping with this idea, the policy includes a number of recommendations but emphasises that none of them are required because of the cultural diversity within and among states as well as the language variation inside each classroom.


What is a 360-degree report card?


The student's existing report card, the New Education Policy says, will be replaced with the progress card, a holistic, 360-degree, multidimensional assessment. Under the new policy, students would be given progress cards that detailed their progress as well as the individuality of each learner in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.


According to the New Education Policy, in addition to teacher evaluation, a student's progress card will also include self-assessment, peer assessment, progress in project- and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group projects, portfolios, etc. The "holistic progress card" will serve as a vital link between home and school, supplemented by parent-teacher conferences, to actively involve parents in their children's holistic education and development, it continues.


How will NEP affect primary schooling?


A "National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education" (NCPF ECCE) has been developed by NCERT for young children under the age of eight. The idea of using preparatory classes as a transitional programme between Anganwadi and primary schools has been proposed. The policy seeks to teach and certify all Anganwadi and elementary school employees, mostly through digital means. All of these aim to provide early childhood education to everyone.


One may anticipate that the NCERT's framework for ECCE will follow the model of contemporary international curricula and that any preschool adhering to worldwide best practises would also satisfy the framework's requirements.


Will teachers change their way of teaching according to the NEP?


The National Education Policy 2020 has also made changes to the new system's approach to teacher preparation, hiring, and evaluation. After consulting with NCERT, SCERTs, teachers, and professional associations, the National Council for Teacher Education will develop a set of uniform National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) by 2022 in order to standardise the quality of instruction in schools. Based on their achievements on administrative and academic tasks, instructors in schools will be promoted.


What is PARAKH?


Learning outcomes for schoolchildren have also been emphasised in the National Education Policy. The pupils will now receive regular evaluations rather than only annual or half-yearly exams. A new national assessment centre called PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) would be established as a standard-setting organisation to make the tracking and assessment of teaching-learning results visible.


And at last, the question arises what is the need for vocational education?


Through the mainstreaming and integration of vocational education with general education, which will assist students in acquiring a variety of skills to meet the needs of industries and improve the quality of education, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 places a special emphasis on vocational education.


The employability skills module has been established as a required component of the vocational courses under the scheme. It consists of green skills, entrepreneurship skills, information and communication technology skills, self-management skills, and communication skills.


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